Home‎ > ‎Facts and Studies‎ > ‎

RAND Report -- Medical Marijuana doesn't increase crime

By Noelle Conti and Andrea Wang | Part Nbrrson

Results of a recent RAND study challenge the assumption that medical marijuana dispensaries promote crime, a rationale often cited to justify their closure.

The Santa Monica-based think tank conducted what they ca]1ed a 'thorough and independent' examination of
crime rates near medical marijuana djspensaries in the city of Ins Angeles.

In their report,titled "Regulating Medical Marijuana Dispensaries: An Overview with  Preliminary Evidence of Their Impact on Crime,"  (http://www.rand.o1­g/pubs/teclmical_reportsfrR9s7.html) RAND found that crime rates actually increased  in neighborhoods where pot shops were shut down, defying many peop1e's expectations.

RAND tracked the crime rates for 10 days prior to June 7, 2010 when the city ordered the closure of more than 70 percent of the city’s medical marijuana  and 10 days following their closure. The findings showed that there was as much as a 60 percent bump in crime in some of the neighborhoods where the  dispensaries were shut down as compared to the areas where they remained open.

Jane Usher, special assistant city attorney with the Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office claims the science is fundamentally flawed because the dispensaries  didn’t shut down. Usher told KPCC’s Patt Morrison that she has asked RAND to “withdrawal their study, retract it or substantially amend it,” and she  questioned whether the science can be fixed.

“Their study assumes that the 435 illegal dispensaries were open ti11 June 7, 2010 and that they closed, and stayed closed, for the following 10 days. [...]  that isn’t what happened. By in large, the dispensaries stayed open the entire interval, or they opened or closed sporadically, defying any analysis,” she

Usher couched her criticism of the study in by saying her office sti]1 has tremendous respect for RAND.

“We need their participation on this and every other social science topic. But I have to say that there’s not one of us that’s advantaged if government bases  its policies on garbage science,” she said.

Jacobson responded to the City Attorney's assertion, saying they have quotes the city attorney’s office made during the closure that revealed compliance  was quite high.

“They're saying 50 to 70 places are saying they were open. This is out of over 400 that were ordered to close," she said.

Jacobson said that she feels some misunderstand RAND’s statistical approach.

“The method that we use really requires that at least one of those dispensaries closed as a result of those orders,” she said, adding that “it’s going to be an  underestimate.”

It seems that RAND has no plan to comply with Usher’s request to make changes to the study.

“If we receive information to suggest that there is something wrong with our findings or something that we misunderstood or didn’t have access to, we will  review it. But at present, we feel pretty confident with the results,” Jacobson said.

Citizens For Patients Rights,
Jun 29, 2012, 3:40 PM
Citizens For Patients Rights,
Jul 9, 2012, 7:58 PM